Powers, Duties, and Expenses of the Grand Master
The Grand Master shall have such prerogatives and powers as are conferred, and shall perform such duties as appertain to his office, by the ancient usages of Freemasonry, subject to the limitations imposed by THE CODE and the requirements of this Grand Jurisdiction. He is not invested with any prerogative which might annul THE CODE or contravene the avowed policy of the Grand Lodge. [7-5; 13-4.12; 13-4.13].
2. Whatever the Grand Master, as such, is authorized to do in person he may do by a duly authorized representative unless forbidden by the laws of the Grand Lodge, but he shall be responsible to the Grand Lodge for the acts of such representative.
Some, but not all, of the powers and duties of the Grand Master pertaining to the Grand Lodge are as follows.
3. To terminate debate on any question pending before the Grand Lodge. [36-5].
4. To convene the Grand Lodge in emergent communication when he deems it advisable or necessary. [18-2].
5. To present a written report on the first day of the annual communication of the Grand Lodge setting forth all of his acts of Grand Master and the general condition of Masonry within this jurisdiction and recommending such legislation and such action as he may deem necessary. [7-2; 8-6; 13-5; 13-4.2; 16-1.6].
6. To appoint all appointive officers of the Grand Lodge as provided by law, and to fill by appointment all vacancies not otherwise provided, for either pro tempore or for the unexpired term. [12-4; 11-11].
7. To appoint all committees not otherwise provided for. He may appoint special committees to deal with emergencies which may arise or committees on any important matters which he is advised may come before the Grand Lodge for consideration. [11-11; 27-2].
10. To suspend from office any officer of the Grand Lodge, any officer of a subordinate lodge, a District Deputy Grand Master, a District Deputy Grand Lecturer, a member of any board selected or elected by the Grand Lodge, or a member of any commission or committee of the Grand Lodge upon satisfactory evidence of unmasonic conduct, misconduct, neglect, or malfeasance in office, or for any unlawful act of commission or for any serious or flagrant omission in the performance of his duties. [27-4; 58-1; 90-7.2; 91-13.2.E].
12. To command every grand officer and board, commission, or committee, except a Trial Commission, to call on them for information, advice, and assistance on business relative to the Craft and to request of them information or service concerning their respective offices or duties.
18. To divide the jurisdiction into districts and appoint a District Deputy Grand Master for each district. [26-1].
20. To preside, when present, over all meetings of the Craft in this jurisdiction, and of boards, commissions, or committees of the Grand Lodge except Trial Commissions, Committees on Finance, Masonic Jurisprudence and Appeals. [27-2; 27-7.8; 94-2; 95-2].
22. To vote at any stockholders' meeting in which the Grand Lodge is interested, and to cast any vote to which the Grand Lodge may be entitled unless otherwise provided by law or by special direction of the Grand Lodge.
23. To file with the Grand Secretary, immediately after his installation, a photograph of himself suitable for enlarging and printing, and a sketch of his life. [16-1.23].
24. To change the date, hour, or place for holding the annual communication of the Grand Lodge in cases of extreme emergency, or for a satisfactory reason, and when approved by a majority of the Board of General Purposes. [18-1.1; 27-7.7; 28-6]
Some, but not all, of the powers and duties of the Grand Master pertaining to subordinate lodges are as follows.
1. To continue lodge functions by dispensation pending replacement of a charter which has been defaced, lost, or destroyed. [41-2].
2. To decide any actual matter of difference which may arise in any lodge during a recess of the Grand Lodge upon subjects involving the construction and application of Masonic law not otherwise provided for.
B. The Grand Master may act in such manner and upon such notice to the parties in interest as he deems just, having in view the protection and maintenance of the Masonic rights of the parties concerned.
3. To convene any lodge within this Grand Jurisdiction in person or by his duly authorized representative. To preside therein with the Worshipful Master on his left, to inspect its proceedings and require strict conformity to Masonic law and usage. [45-12.1; 59-2.41].
5. To suspend the Master or any other officer of a subordinate lodge from the exercise of the powers and duties of his office for official misconduct, neglect, malfeasance, or unmasonic conduct. [57-1.4; 58-1; 90-7.2].
(1) If the office of the Master becomes vacant, and the Wardens make application. [57-3].
(2) If the Master-elect declines to be installed and the Wardens make application. [57-3].
(3) If the three ranking offices become vacant. [57-3]
(4) If a lodge fails to elect its officers at the time fixed in its by-laws; but not before it so fails to elect. [54-1.2].
B. To elect and install as Master a Master Mason who has not served as Master or Warden of a lodge but only as provided by law. [53-2.2].
C. To form in public procession for the purpose of performing strictly Masonic service, never, however, for other than a Masonic occasion. No dispensation is necessary for a lodge to attend divine worship or to conduct a Masonic funeral.
G. To permit a lodge to hold its communications temporarily, and in case of extreme necessity, or for a satisfactory reason, in another location than that named in its charter or dispensation; but always within the state. Only the Grand Lodge may authorize a lodge to move its location permanently from that named in its charter. [38-4.1; 38-4.2; 38-5; 42-3; 45-7; 43-6; 71-14; 82-9]. (This section amended, effective 1/1/2006)
H. To permit a lodge located within the corporate limits of a municipality to permanently change its location to a place within one mile of the corporate limits of the municipality as set forth in Regulation 42-1.
I. To permit a lodge to hold emergent communications with due and timely notice to conduct essential business for the benefit of the Craft. (This regulation amended, effective October 1, 2022.)
J. To permit a lodge to meet on the appropriate degree to conduct its business and education. (This regulation amended, effective October 1, 2022.)
9. To forbid unlawful expenditures by a lodge. [60-7].
10. To approve the minutes of a lodge, without the necessity of the minutes being read, at any communication of a lodge which the Grand Master closes in ample form. ( This subsection amended, effective January 1, 2018 )
The Grand Master has no authority to:
3. Make Masons at sight. [52-6].
8. Authorize a lodge to join in the funeral procession of a deceased Mason unless the funeral is conducted by the lodge. [82-6.4].
9. Dispense with the examination of a candidate for advancement as required by THE CODE. [72-2.7].
10. Obsolete. (This subsection amended, effective 1/1 2009) [73-3.5].
The Grand Master shall report to the Grand Lodge all decisions and official opinions, with all papers relating thereto, rendered by him during its recess. Such decisions and opinions shall be referred to the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence for its consideration and report. [13-2.2; 13-2.5; 13-4.2].
1. A copy of each decision, official opinion, and unofficial opinion made by him during the recess of the Grand Lodge shall be sent at the time it is rendered to the Chairman of the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence and the Grand Secretary.
2. The Grand Master shall furnish the Board of General Purposes, the Committees on Masonic Jurisprudence, and on Finance not less than ten days before the annual communication, copies of his proposed annual report, covering so far as is practicable such of his official acts as he should report to the Grand Lodge and such other subjects or matters as he may desire to submit. [28-3.1; 34-2; 34-3.1].